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Sound masculine plural Arabic examples

Some conditions have to be found in the noun to form the Arabic sound masculine plural from, this is apparent from its name, i.e. It has to be a masculine (not feminine) noun It has to be singular (to form the plural) It has to be an adjective for a rational or living person (human being) Masculine sound plurals have the suffix ونَ attached to them in order to indicate the plural in the nominative case. In the genitive and accusative cases the ending is ينَ For example, the plural of مدير is مديرونَ in the nominative case and مديرينَ if the word is in the accusative or genitive cases

The general rule regarding sound masculine plurals is that its single form is not changed and a wāw and nūn with a fathah is added to the end of the word when it is in the nominative case and a yā' and nūn with a fathah is added to the end of the word when it is in the accusative or genitive cases 里 I N F O G R A P H I C S : The sound masculine plural - جمع المذكر السالم. Here you can find the rules and the examples of the sound masculine plural use. Here is an exercise for you: Write the combination of each of the following names as in the form. مدیر: مدیرون / مدیری State TRUE or FALSE: In the Arabic language sound masculine plurals and sound feminine plurals are under the main category of broken plurals. Sound Masculine Plurals (Seq # 42) The sound masculine plurals are the plurals for masculine nouns like Muslimun, kaafirun etc. These plurals are sound because they have regular plural endings Sound plurals are basically where the singular form has not been changed except that you add some letters to the end of it. Some examples in English are tree/trees and child/children. Masculine sound plural. Sound masculine plurals end with an ونَ (/uu/na). But only 3 common categories of words (masculine singular) take this form

The demonstrative pronoun - هَؤُلاءِ is used in Arabic for plural, close, feminine and masculine. Examples: Masculine: هَذَ رَجُلٌ. This is a man. هَؤُلاءِ رِجَالٌ. These are men. Feminine: هَذِهِ طَبِيْبَةٌ. This a female medical doctor . هَؤُلاءِ طَبِيبَاتٌ. These are female. Example of sound masculine plural Singular : مُدَرِّسٌ = a teacher In a previous post, you learned that Arabic plural nouns are three forms: sound masculine plural جَمْعُ المُذَكَّرِ السَّالِم, sound feminine plural جَمْعُ المُؤَنَّثِ السَّالِم, and broken plural جَمْعُ التَّكْسِيْر In Arabic, there are two types of noun and adjective plural forms: sound (regular) plurals, and broken (irregular) plurals. Masculine sound plural nouns end in ون and feminine sound plural nouns end in ات. Usually feminine inanimate nouns that end in ta marbuta take the feminine sound plural Sound Masculine Plural: This plural is used only when referring to rational male beings. Hence these nouns and adjectives may be called rational masculine المَذْكورالعاقِل [ al-madhkoor al-3aaqil ]

Arabic Plurals Made Simple: A Step-by-Step Guide

The sound masculine plurals are formed by the addition of ون 'ūn' or ين 'īn' (depending on the i'rab state) to the end of the noun. مُعَلِّم ← مُعَلِّمُون / مُعَلِّمِين مُسَافِر ← مُسَافِرُون / مُسَافِرِين مُسلِم ← مُسلِمُون / مُسلِمِي For example, your teachers would be rendered as مُعَلِّمُوكَ where مُعَلِّمُونَ dropped its ن. The same goes for dual words. The scenario gets interesting when one wants to combine these two rules, that is the my possessive pronoun alongside a sound masculine plural word Just as in dual, the typical rule implies that y o u can change a noun from singular to plural form, simply by adding a suffix at the end. For the masculine words, you add ـون or ـين (Uon.

There are two types of plural in Arabic, they are sound plural and broken plural. 1. Sound plural / الْجَمْعُ السَّالِمُ Sound plural (al-jam'u al-salim) means the original form (singular form) of the noun doesn't change Note: In standard Arabic, if the noun that's owned is dual (ends in ـان-aan or ـين-ein), or if the noun has a sound masculine plural suffix (ـون-uun or ـين-iin), you need to drop the final ـن before adding the pronoun suffix

Lesson 11:Masculine PluralLet's Learn Arabic With Fun & Easeby Ibn Sabah(Easy Arabic Lessons on Sirat Al Mustaqeem)We promise this course will be free of cos.. Arabic l Foreign LanguagePlural Nouns l Arabic Language l masculine plural l feminine plural1. Plural form of Demonstrative Pronouns - 00:00:33 - 00:02:122..

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Sound Plurals - Arabic Language Lessons — All The Arabic

If the AP is being used as an adjective modifying a human plural, it will usually have a sound plural. Whenever a sound plural ending is added to the defective masculine singular AP, the ي of the singular is dropped and the sound plural ending is attached. For example, we have قاضٍ. We wish to make it a sound plural 129. A sound feminine plural is attributed to female names, for example: هِند, words that end in a feminine sign, for example: جمیلة, infinitives if they have more than three letters, for example: إحسان, masculine non-rational beings in the diminutive form, for example: دُرَیهِم and as adjectives, for example: معدود Like in English, Arabic demonstratives are distinguished by number and proximity. One thing, plural thing. Near, far. However (bom bom bom), they also have a subcategory within plural (dual). Plus a new category: gender. All together: - number (one thing, two things, or more than two things) - proximity (near or far) - gender (masculine or. The sound plural noun This noun is called the sound masculine plural in order to differentiate it from the broken plural (الجمع المكسر) which is something we will explore when it pops up in the Quran. If a noun is a sound masculine plural, then it will be suffixed with either of the following two

Sound Masculine Plural Elementary Arabic Morphology 3

There are two types of it: sound plural الجَمْع السَّالِم al-jam' as-saalim and broken plural جَمْع التَّكْسِير jam' at-taksiir. The sound plural is regular and is derived from the singular by adding ـون in the case of the masculine, and ـات in the case of the feminine, as in the list below Example 1 : The word مسلمون is the sound masculine plural of مسلم a muslim (male), it is formed here by the addition of ون to the singular. Example 2: The word مؤمنات female believers is the sound feminine plural of مسلمة a muslim (female) it is formed here by the addition of ات to the singular after the ة has. In Arabic, the regular way of making a plural for a masculine noun is adding the suffix -ūn [a] (for the nominative) or -īn [a] (for the accusative and genitive) at the end. For feminine nouns, the regular way is to add the suffix -āt. However, not all plurals follow these simple rules The non human plural nouns in Arabic are all the nouns that express non-human like a car, a house, an animal. سيارة بيت حيوان. The essential agreement rule of non-human plurals in formal Arabic is that they are always treated as if they were a single noun, and they take feminine singular agreement. Example Example: ‫جامعتــ‬ ‫جامعة‬‫ان‬-‫كتابــ‬ ‫كتاب‬‫ان‬ The plural is of 3 types: 1/ Regular masculine known as sound plural masculine = singular + ‫ون‬ . Example: ‫مشغول‬ ‫مشغول‬‫ون‬-‫مهندسـ‬ ‫مهندس‬‫ون‬ This type of plural goes with some human.

The sound masculine plural - Learn Arabic, Chinese etc

Arabic Plurals - Understand-Arabic

  1. ative case vowelled with d>a>amma mma ــُـ, e.g. ﺐِﻟﺎَﻃ a student. ُﺐِﻟﺎﱠﻄﻟَا the student
  2. 102). BP has different types: the paucity plural, the multiplicity plural, and the ultimate plural beside some other types that will be discussed shortly. 1.1.1. The Paucity Plural The paucity plural refers to a group of individuals or things from three to ten. This plural type has four forms or patterns: 1 Pattern Example (1) a
  3. What are sound plurals? The chart above lists 6 different types of plurals. The first two type are called sound plurals because the singular forms of the words are changed to the plural form the sequence of the root letters stay intact. So for example, the singular of teachers is مٌعَلِّمٌ the root letters being ع ل م
  4. A اسم noun is one of the three types of basic word types in Arabic.To help us understand the اسم noun we can talk about certain properties which we can use to describe a اسم noun. These properties help us understand how a اسم noun behaves in a sentence.The اسم noun in Arabic has four properties, these can be remembered by using the acronym MIND

Sound and Broken Plurals - Arabic Grammar lesson 4

sound masculine plural / جمع المذكر السالم (jam' al-mudhakkar as-sālim) The regular plural -ūn / -īn usually reserved for human (but not for all human nouns): Example: The plural of مدرّس is مدرّسون in the nominative and مدرّسين in the accusative/genitive case Arabic nouns can either be singular( ﺍﻟﹿﻤﹹﻔﺮﹶﺩ), dual( ﺍﻟﻤﹹﺜﻨﳲﻲ), or plural( ﺍﹶﻟﺠﹷﻤﹿﻊﹸ). This is depicted diagrammatically in the following chart (click to enlarge), with further subdivisions for the plural noun. The Dual: The dual can be constructed depending upon its grammatical state. Thus, the rule for constructing dual in ﺭﻓﻊ are. In the first example, اربعة was the last word. Since 3-9 are always in an idaafa construction, show reverse agreement, and are followed by the plural noun. The word ولد is made plural and is in the genitive. And the number اربعة is feminine. In the second example, the word fifty is the last numeral

The next set of subject pronouns, to be introduced here, will be the Dual Subject pronouns.Unlike in English, Arabic pays special attention to when there are two of something, this is called the Dual or المثنّى (almuthanna). The Subject Pronouns are for use when talking either to or about two people. Dual. Transcription. Meaning. 1st. Writing examples. (click on words to play sound) yawm- (one) day. This word is made out of three letters, yâ', wâw and mîm. But as you see in the Latin translitteration, there is a forth letter coming through: 'a'. This is the short a, unlike the long a, as in 'alif above. In Arabic this is the source of frustration for beginners: Short. In Arabic too, we have these two kinds of plural forms; Sound and Broken. The Sound Plural in Arabic E ‫א‬ ‫א‬F ْ ‫א‬F: 1 The masculine plural of nouns are formed by adding ‫ _ون‬to the singular form e.g. ‫ن‬ , ‫א‬ ‫' ق ,א ن‬thief' ‫ن‬ , 'ignorant' ‫ن‬ , 'wise' ‫ن‬ , ‫ن. In Arabic there are certain rules to follow when forming masculine plural. Fortunately, you have ArabicPod to help explain these rules and make it simpler. It's not as easy as changing mu3alim (teacher) to mu3alims, but it's not difficult either. If you're at an intermediate level then join the discussion

Arabic Nouns. Sky سماء samaa' is feminine even if there is no taa' marbuta ((ة, ــة at the end of the word,. Wind ريح reeh is feminine even if it's not ending with a taa' marbuta. Also some masculine proper names are ending with taa' marbuta but still considered masculine name for example: osama أسام ة , hamza حمز ة In Arabic normal plural can either be masculine or feminine. And you can identify them with ending sounds with the addition of oona & eena for masculine and aatun aatin if it is feminine. Broken plural are plural words that could not be detected by simply looking at the ending sounds

These two rules hold for both standard and Egyptian Arabic. Relative pronouns in standard and Egyptian Arabic The Egyptian dialect has only one relative pronoun: اللي (illi) - used in reference to all nouns, regardless of gender/number. Standard Arabic, on the other hand, has a whole bunch of relative pronouns The word bird in Arabic is طائر and it is only masculine. The feminine form of it طائرة goes to a different meaning which is airplane. The masculine dual form is طائران or طائرين, and the plural is طيور Arabic Nouns Welcome to the third Arabic lesson about nouns.This time we will first learn about fruits and vegetables, followed by grammar rules, then food items, finally a conversation in Arabic to help you practice your daily phrases. To hear the pronunciation, just click on the sound icon

The masculine plural - Madina Arabic Cente

Whereas, Arabic nouns have three numbers: singular, dual and plural. The plural is also of two kinds: sound plural (masculine & feminine) and broken plural. (10) English has three genders: masculine, feminine, and neuter. Gender is solely confined to personal pronouns. Whereas Arabic has only two genders: masculine and feminine masculine plural of طويل masculine plural, feminine plural masculine sound plural + first-person possessive suffix Masculine verb for a feminine noun Masculine words ending with alif maqsura masculine, feminine, words that end in -ان MSA/All dialects: masculine plural of سيئ The feminine and masculine plural of elatives they (masculine. Examples of feminine and masculine ordinal numbers. Note the differences in the use of the masculine and feminine in Arabic. For example, if you want to tell a friend that your house is the fifth house, you say البيت الخامس albayt alkhaamis. In this example, we use the masculine ordinal form khaamis because bayt is a masculine. In addition to the masculine / feminine distinction we've already seen, Arabic has singular, dual and plural forms of pronouns, nouns, verbs, adjectives, etc. The singular form is used when referring to one person or thing, the dual subject pronoun to refer to two people or two things, and the plural form when referring to more than two people.

Arabic has no neuter gender, only masculine and feminine. That is why a word such as child in English which takes the pronoun it has to be rendered in Arabic which is grammatically masculine, and vice versa, a word which is semantically neuter can only be expressed in Arabic by the masculine gender, as the masculine serves the purpose for. Essentials of Arabic Grammar Essentials of Arabic Grammar Essentials of Arabic Grammar Essentials of Arabic Grammar for for for for Learning Quranic Language Learning. Plural has two kinds : ( 1 ) Sound plural - جَمَع سَالِمْ ( 2 ) Broken plural - جَمَع مُكَسَّرْ . In sound plural جَمَع سَالِمْ alphabets of the singular form remain in the same order. ون is added at the end of active noun subject فَاعِل and يْنَ at the end of passive noun object.

13 Patterns of Broken Plurals in Arabic with Example

Contents. 1 Arabic pronouns. 1.1 Subject pronouns. 1.2 Object & posessive pronouns. 2 Allah refers to himself in the plural. 3 Allah talks about himself in the 3rd person. 4 Iltifaat - bad usage of pronouns in the Qur'an. 5 See Also. 6 References The Noumeroi (Greek: Noύμεpoι, masculine plural) or Noumera (Noύμεpa, neuter plural, from the Latin numerus, number in the sense of regiment) were a Byzantine infantry garrison unit for the imperial capital, Constantinople. La déclinaison du masculin pluriel sain: The Declension of the Sound masculine plural An example: The big men and big women buy many books, here we have to use all the forms of the adjective, the masculine plural (the men), the feminine plural (the women) and the feminine singular (books). Ar-ridjaal-u-lkibaaru wa-n-nisaa'u-l-kubraa'u yastasjruu kutubun kathiratuna(tun Why did KUM(Masculine plural) come in 33:33 instead of KUNNA(feminine plural)? Bismillah Al-Rahman Al-Raheem (In The Name of Allah, The Beneficent, The Merciful) In Arabic, There are certain nouns which render the meaning of plurality. Such nouns are known in the Arabic grammar as إسْم الجَمْع [ism al-jama'a] noun of plural or collective noun

Broken Plural in Arabic Arabic Language Blo

A noun (il nome / il sostantivo) can be a person, place, object, or idea. Examples of English nouns are boy, Italy, pen, car, and love. In Italian, all nouns have a gender, masculine or feminine. The noun's gender determines the forms of other words nearby, such as articles and adjectives. Nouns appear in singular or plural forms The accepted answer served me very well. After studying Arabic grammar, I would like to add some details about broken plurals. In the study of grammar, there are three types of plurals: Sound masculine plurals (eg. muslim => muslimoon) Sound feminine plurals (eg. muslimah => muslimaat) Broken plurals (eg. kutub, aqlaam Masculine Nouns : Masculine nouns are words for men and boys and male animals. ball forest building gymnasium broom playground cake rock computer sky card socks floor wind Examples : 1. The host and the hostess welcomed their guests. 2. The steward and the stewardess look after the passengers on the plane. 3. My uncle and aunt lived in. If an adjective ends in -o, it is masculine and changes to -i in the plural. If an adjective ends in -e, it is either feminine or masculine and changes to -i in the plural. Here are a couple of examples: un pollo rosso (a red chicken [masculine, singular]) polli rossi (red chickens [masculine, plural]) una mucca bianca (a white cow [feminine.

The plural form of masculine is masculines . Find more words! The neuter nouns of all classes differed from the masculines and feminines in their nominative and accusative endings, which were alike. I think women, at least those who do their own work, would live very simply in that respect, if there were none of the masculines to feed. For. Rule for the Contraction of the Masculine Singular Definite Article in Spanish. The singular definite articles in Spanish are the masculine el, the feminine la, and the neutral lo. While la and lo always stay the same, el is sometimes joined with other words to make the combination sound less awkward to pronounce The two examples cited demonstrate why. The Hebrew word for father is av and the Hebrew word for woman is ishah; the Hebrew masculine plural ending is -im and the feminine plural ending is - ot; logically speaking, therefore, fathers should be avim and women should be ishot. And yet, as Silver observes, it's. When using a plural of both masculine and feminine objects, or talking about a group of both males and females, the default is always masculine (eg. les petits enfants). Invariable adjectives Once you can understand the French plural adjectives, feminine adjectives and even the feminine plural, and you think that French might not be too hard.

Arabic Gender Welcome to the fifth Arabic lesson about gender.This time we will view a list of people, feminine and masculine, followed by grammar rules, finally a list of expressions in Arabic to help you practice your daily phrases. To hear the pronunciation, just click on the sound icon 20 Arabic Grammar 20 2. Masculine and Feminine Genders You must have heard the Arabic names, for e.g., *+ ) for a boy and *,˘% ) for a girl. There lies the rule. Just put at the end of a masculine (singular) word to make it feminine (singular). For example, *, ˛ ˛ , * There are some rules that will make it easier for you to overcome this problem; 1. Sentences with a verb; a. For a broken plural; we can use both equally - وقع الأسود وقعت الأسود - طار الحمام طارت الحمام - اجتهد العمال اجتهدت العمال - قال النساء قالت النساء b.for a sound plural; - حضر المسافرون.

Arabic Grammar Introdution: Plural Nouns, Pronouns

· gender (masculine and feminine) · plurality (singular, dual, and plural) Arabic uses all three persons and it uses the masculine and feminine genders with no neutral. Furthermore, plurality in Arabic is of three types: singular, dual, and plural. Dual indicates on two entities and plural indicates on three or more entities Verse (16:69), Word 12 - Quranic Grammar. The twelfth word of verse (16:69) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A noun and possessive pronoun. The noun is masculine plural and is in the genitive case ( مجرور ). The noun's triliteral root is bā ṭā nūn ( ب ط ن ). The attached possessive pronoun is third person feminine singular In order to form the infinitive of Arabic verbs, we use the past tense of the verb conjugated in the masculine third person singular. In other words, we use the past tense conjugation for he. For example: to study > darasa > درس (he studied); to write > kataba > كتب. (he wrote) to escape > haraba > هرب (he escaped) ; Therefore, kataba can mean both to write (infinitive) or. @Sandy118 in italian when you talk about a group of people or things and there are masculine and feminine you just use the masculine plural: I bambini leggono a scuola( kids read at school... you know in a class at school there are boys and girls but you just use masculine plural) And the same thing: Sandy e Marco sono BRAVI RAGAZZI ( even if you're a girl and I'm a boy you have to use the. The masculine plural form ELOHIM. {aleph, lamedh, he, yod, mem.} was likewise used in the ancient Semitic languages for Goyim pagan demon deities or gods (Ex. 12:12, 18:11, 20:3) subsequently also the masculine singular form ELOAH

Lesson 14

Arabic Nouns Arabic Geni

  1. 1.The Sound Masculine plural and 2.The Five Exceptional Nouns which are: Abooka ER ˆ F, Akhooka ER G ˆ F, Hamooka ER F, FookaER 8˜ F, and Dhoo Maalin Eلٍ)1 وذ FK K.ًs˚ )G <* ) 5˘ E א.* ;*t˘X I8*' 8ْ$˚.ً*1 K ن ˘ ˜ C 8 W D E * א )1˚ˆ و As for theAlif EאF, Then it is an indicator of Raf' specifically i
  2. Take the morpheme 'plural.' Note that it can be attached to a number of lexical morphemes to produce structures like 'cat + plural,' 'bus + plural,' 'sheep + plural,' and 'man + plural.' In each of these examples, the actual forms of the morphs that result from the morpheme 'plural' are different. Yet they are all allomorphs of the one morpheme
  3. In Arabic verbs take their infinitive form by using the past form of that verb and conjugate it to the third person singular he, to make it simple here is an example: to draw = rasama = رسم (he drew), to write = kataba (he wrote) = كتب. daraba ضرب (to hit) Most verbs in Arabic have a three letters root or stem, there are also verbs containing more than three letters in their.
  4. ine name Amal آمال /ãmāl/ as an example
  5. ative Sounds. The noun Sound is declined with the declension endings s/s. The voice of Sound is maskuline and the article der. Here you can not only inflect Sound but also all German nouns
  6. ine Gender List. 2 years ago. by Narmeen Khan. 1,815 Views. Memorize 100 examples of Masculine and Fe

Irregular plural (called jam' Takseer جمع تكسير in Arabic) has no general rule in Arabic (like in English), an example is that Kafir كافر does has an Irregular plural form, and it's كُفّار Kuffar. Irregular plurals are treated in matter of E'raab just like singular nouns. Regular plural can be either masculine or feminine In Jordanian Arabic, the subject pronouns parallel subject pronouns in English, except they include more versions of the 2nd person (you).1 The subject pronouns in Arabic are: Table 4.1 . English Arabic Transliteration . I . انأ. Ana You (masculine) ت نإ . in-ta You (feminine) تنإ . in-ti You (plural) وتنإ . in-tu He . وُه . hu. In French, each noun is either feminine or masculine. If a noun is masculine, it is preceded by le; if it is feminine, it is preceded by la. However, this only applies to single objects. If a noun is plural, then it is preceded by les whatever the gender of the things being referred to. There's another variation for the French the. The noun الناس is a broken plural that describes a collection of people. When nouns like this that are broken plurals and used for referring to men (رجال and أولاد are other examples) are modified by an adjective, the adjective can be either masculine plural (الناس الحقيقيون) or feminine singular (الناس.

Plurals Overview - Arabic For Beginner

  1. ine and focused on perceptions.
  2. ine singular construct ending changes from a final ה to a final ת. The fe
  3. 1- Affixes - suffix (added after the basic root) - infix (added inside the basic root) - or prefix (added before the basic root) - of past, present, order or future tenses added to the either types of roots described in the 1st column. 2- Affixes may be added to words to form singular, plural and/or dual word structures
  4. ative Herztöne.The noun Herzton is declined with the declension endings es/ö-e. In the plural is an umlaut. The voice of Herzton is maskuline and the article der
  5. For example, in the past verb one can say that it is a past verb and its subject is an optionally implicit pronoun. The pronouns (iyyahum) and (hum) refer to plural masculine third persons. e.
  6. arabic -features-standard classical arabic course. standard classical arabic lexical. standard classical arabic reader. colloquial arabic -features-eastern / levantine colloquial arabic. north afrcian colloquial arabic. cost and registration. masculine sound plural
  7. sound effects translate: การทำเสียงประกอบตามบทที่มีในภาพยนตร์ วิทยุ. Learn more in the Cambridge English-Thai Dictionary
Verb Avoir (to have) - How to use it? | Choice to Speak

The possessive my with sound masculine plural words

  1. ative, accusative, and genitive [also used when the noun is governed by a preposition]); three numbers (singular, dual and plural); two genders (masculine and fe
  2. ine and masculine pronouns Pairing is the use of both fe
  3. ine noun. Words that are just exceptions, such as mano and día.
  4. ine (Female
  5. Article¶. In Biblical Hebrew, participles are non-finite verbal forms that can change their form based on stem formation (like verbs) as well as person, gender, state, and definiteness (like both adjectives and nouns).Participles are very flexible in their grammatical use and can function as a verbal complement, a finite main verb, an adjective, or a noun
Arabic Plurals – Understand-Arabic

Plurals in Arabic, Al-jam'

  1. 1 The basic rules. In English, the indefinite article is a, which changes to an when it comes before a vowel or a vowel sound, for example, an apple.In the plural, we use some or any.; In Spanish, you have to choose between four indefinite articles: un, una, unos and unas.Which one you choose depends on the noun that follows
  2. ine, gender-specific, neuter. masculinism. An ideology of masculinity or of male rights; especially an ideology opposed to fe
  3. ine; though, as demonstrated by Noldeke (1904, pp. 24-25), it ter
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In German, the genitive case is so important that most German dictionaries show the genitive form as well as the plural form of every entry for a noun. For example: der Bruder, -s, -e (brother) In German, masculine and neuter nouns take the ending -s or -es. Feminine nouns have no ending An exception to the plural rule occurs when the masculine singular form of the adjective ends in an x, in which case the plural form is exactly the same as the masculine singular. A prime example of this occurs with masculine singular adjectives that end in -eux. François est heureux. (François is happy.) François et Nicolas sont heureux Inspirational and Cute French Words. If you're looking for a little inspiration in life, a few French words can motivate you to do and be more. alunissage (feminine noun) - moon landing. bienvenue (verb) - welcome. chatoyer (verb) - to shimmer. espérer (verb) - hope. esprit (masculine noun) - mind. etoile (feminine noun) - star sound effects translate: efectos de sonido, efectos de sonido [masculine, singular]. Learn more in the Cambridge English-Spanish Dictionary